Variety of dates in Iran with their specifications
In the following text, a variety of dates in Iran, along with a description of them:
* Mazafati dates:
The Mazafati dates may be one of the most palatable and cultivating varieties of the world's dates. Particularly, these dates are most commonly consumed, and fewer people can find that they do not feel very well after eating a seed of the Maza'fi date.
In Iran, after the colonists and Shahans, are the most important cultivars of the economic date of the country. This figure has been cultivated in different parts of the country. Its main home in Iran is Bam Kerman. MASAFAT BAM is one of the best varieties of Iranian dates in the domestic market.
Distribution of this cultivar is also cultivated in Kerman (Bam, Jiroft, Shahdad, Kahnuj, Narmashir) in Saravan, Nikshahr, Saravan, Tabas, Haji Abad, Khor and Biabanak of Isfahan.
The Mazafati of the higher and more advanced varieties is red in black and is very good quality.
These dates, which are attractive in black, have a moisture content of between 15% and 35% depending on the time of harvest and the planting site, and its grain size is usually between 5.2 and 5.4 centimeters.
The main domestic consumption is Tehran. In recent years, special attention has been paid to its exports. The construction of a cold store in the production areas of this product can help to increase its production.
* Apostolic dates (Astamaran):
This figure, called the Sa'mran, Sambrun, Sambaron, and others in different regions, contains about 70 to 80 percent of the Khuzestan province's openings.
- It has a lot of business value and one of the most important export figures in Khuzestan province.
One of the most important characteristics of this figure is its semi-dryness which has increased its maintenance and this property has made it the most suitable commercial and export figure in Iran.
Its fruit is oval and sometimes rectangular, with an average weight of 8.31 grams, with medium (semi-arid), bright yellow fruit color, at full-fledged amber and brown-reddish browns.
The thickness of the skin in the Samarran is thick and up to a relatively thick and rough.
The proportion of flesh to the core is 6.71.
The edible part of the fruit is sweet and somewhat tasteless (in the early stages of the root), the degree of adhesion of the nucleus to the low fruit, the arrival of Khar on August 25, but the harvest of the fully-fruited fruit is carried out in the middle of September to October. The stickiness of the warhead to the fruit is low.
* Shabani dates:
This product is called different names in different regions. In Minab Shaunay, in Firooz Abad Shon and in Haji Abad Bandar Abbas is called Khorn Shani.
Shahani dates are one of the most important and most abundant products in Fars province.
About 95% of the palm trees of Jahrom (one of the most important cities of Persian dates) are included.
The part of soft dates, but in some areas it is used as a dry date. A number between clay is late and very desirable. This cultivar, the second cultivar of Iran, is distributed in different parts of the country, including in different cities of Fars province (especially Jahrom), also cultivated in Jiroft, Kahnoj, Saravan, Haji Abad and Tabas.
Due to its sweets and colorful dates, it has a lot of domestic use. The fruit of the khans is drawn and has a narrow tip, the color of the root is brownish. Khar This figure is also sweet and some of the Shakhani product is consumed as Khar. The best kind of non-planted shrines in Jahrom is produced and the cultivars are considered to be in this area.
* Zahedi Date:
Zahedi is one of the cultivars of dry dates. In some areas, it is semi-arid. In the regions of the country it is named as a shop.
In many parts of the country, especially in Khuzestan, Fars, Bushehr and Kermanshah province, it is also cultivated on a high level. The most important expansion area is Bushthehr.
The fruit is yellow on the yellow stage, it is dark brown in the brown rosacea, and in the brownish reddish-yellow stage, the fruits are dimmed. Zahedi Yashedi means Arabic means abundant and cheap. In Iraq, it is one of the most important and export figures.
The shape of the fruit is oval and the end is quite thin and sharp. It is a very good cultivator and has good warehouse features and is very easy to transport and has export figures. Due to the high sugar content of industrial cultivars, Zahidi is used to produce alcohol and vinegar.
The ratio of Zahedi fruit to the equivalent core is 6.35. Zahedi's core is oval, its brown color, the core adhesion to the average fruit, and the arrival of Khar in early September, but the harvest is full of its late September.
The attachment of the warhead to the middle fruit. This date variety is planted more or less in almost all date provinces.
Zahedi dates are classified as dry dates, and the digits are late and the amount is too high. This date variety is planted in Kazeroon, Baraz Jan, Firuzabad, Jahrom, Bushehr, Lar, Ahwaz, Khorramshahr, and also in Iraq and the United States.
* Kabakab Dates:
Kababab cultivar is one of the most important and mostabundant cultivars in Kheshti and Karej district, in Kazeroon and Dashtestan (Braz Jahan). This figure has been cultivated in other palatable areas such as Behbahan, Khormooj, Kazeroon, Jahrom, Tabas.
Kabakab dates to Behan, very sweet, and is smaller than the Kababab, the smallest and most sardine. The size of the cabbet is long coarse tomatoes, raw crust (Kharg), this figure can not be used. So you have to bake and dry it for consumption.
The color of the fruit is in the Khark's stage and the yellow droplet, and in full appearance it becomes dark brown. It is more consumed in roast and dates. In terms of economic significance in Iran, after the Sa'emrān, Shahani and Mazafati are located. The component is considered to be .
Oval fruit weighs about 15 grams with semi-arid and bright yellow color, thick shells are thick. The proportion of flesh to the core is 9.25. The oval nucleus is narrow, stretched, gray, the amount of adhesion of the core to the fruit is high.
The Kharg arrives in late August, but the harvest is quite ripe (dates) in mid-September. The attachment rate of the warhead to the fruit is high.
* Rabbi dates:
Rabi is one of the most important cultivars of Sistan and Baluchestan province. Of importance, after Sha'mran, Shahani, Mazafati and Kobab. In Iranshahr, Zabul, Chabahar and Saravan planted.
Its fruit is fairly large, its color is red and it is slightly green. Its full arrival time is at the same time as Mazafati. In Iranshahr and Zabul it is good in terms of excellent quality in Chabahar and Saravan.
* Barhi dates:
The roots and origins of the soft dates are the lamb of Iraq, which has been brought to other days of the day. This date is late and not resistant to moisture. This figure is one of the most important cultivars of Khuzestan province. In addition to Khouzestan, this variety is cultivated in Shirin, Dehloran, Sumar, Bandar Lengeh, Borazjan. Its sugar has enough sugar. For this reason, Kharak and its rootstocks are used to a large extent in palm trees.
The fruit of the lamb from the Kharch stage is eating at the time when most of the cultivars are flavored. It is very delicious and delicious in terms of quality and fresh pastries.
The color is yellow, its color is amber and in the dates of the date it is amber-brown to red. The fruit is almost spherical, with an average weight of 8 grams with soft texture, thick skin in the thick, a ratio of meat to the core to 7.77.
The core is almost spherical, its bright gray color, the degree of adhesion of the core to the medium fruit. The Kharg arrives in late August, but full harvest is taking place in late September. The stickiness of the warhead to the fruit is low.
* Gantar dates:
This variety is also called sugar beet and sugar candy in different regions. It is more than its grains. One of the most trusted export stamps of Khuzestan.
The ability to maintain this figure is high. This date variety is picked up on the tree several times. In Iran there is no domestic use.
In addition to Khuzestan (Shadegan, Khorramshahr, Ahvaz, Abadan, Behbahan), its cultivation zones are also Kazeroon lever in Borazjan, Darab.
In terms of the importance of producing grade four and in terms of the importance of fruit in the Khuzestan area and the first degree leverage and in other places of the second rank. Most used in roast and dates.
Oval fruits have an average weight of 9.27 grams with soft texture, a yellow color, a shell thickness of modest, a fruit-to-core ratio of 7.93.
The core is oval in bright brown color, the amount of core adhesion to the fruit is low. Kharg arrives in August, but fruit harvesting will be complete in the month of September. The stickiness of the warhead to the fruit is low.
* Khassui dates:
One of the main cultivars of Behbahan (Khuzestan). The special varieties are of high quality and have a very sweet fruit.
The color of the fruit is red and its size is small. In Fasa (Fars province), this date is called a special date and is considered to be of prime importance in the city for the quality of the city.
In Behbahan, it is also called a certain name. Its maintenance is very high.
* Allmehtari dates:
It is one of the most important cultivars of Hormozgan province and is one of the many cultivars of Minab city. It is also planted in Kerman Province.
Of the early cultivars of Bandar Abbas area. Its fruit is relatively small and it has occupied a large part of the fruit and this value has diminished its value, but because of its economic importance it is early on.
* Khazravi dates:
The main source of Khashrawi is Iraq, and after the Saeem is the second highest number in Khuzestan. The cultivars are semi-arid and export is secondarily important after the Sa'mran.
In other areas, the dates are planted, such as Kazeroon, Jahrom, Deshestan, Fasa, Shahr Palace and Ramhormoz. It is common to use it in Khark and Roberta, it is more commonly used in roast and dates. This type in Khuzestan is of first grade cultivars in Kazeroon and Borazjan and Shirin Palace of 2nd and 3rd grade cultivars.
Khezrawi is a precocious date. Egg-shaped fruit with a mean weight of 7.94 grams with soft texture and bright brown color, thick skin in that thick. The proportion of meat to the kernel is 12.1.
The core is opaque with a pale brown color, the core adhesion to the middle fruit. The Khar arrives in the middle of August, but harvesting its full-fruited fruit is in mid-September. The attachment of the warhead to the middle fruit.
* Sugar Date (Shakkar):
This figure is higher in northern Khuzestan such as Dezful, Ramhormoz and Shushtar. In other cities of Khuzestan, such as Shadegan and Ahwaz, it is also sporadic. This figure has been planted in Minab, Qeshm and Bandar Abbas. In Borazjan, Iranshahr has been cultivated in small quantities.
This figure has a higher sugar content than other cultivars and is therefore sweeter, and its fruit consumption is rosacea. Its color changes in different stages in the order of yellow to brown. It is premature.
The degree of sweetness is high, the fruit is almost dry and has a moderate degree of quality. The degree of adhesion of the core to the fruit is low. The attachment rate of the warhead to the fruit is moderate.
* Mordar Sang dates:
One of the famous cultivars of Kerman province is also planted in Bandar Abbas, Jask, Bam, Jiroft and Minab.
The color of the fruit is yellow and has excellent quality.
Mordan dates are medium in importance and fruits are consumed in dates.
* Piarum dates:
In southern Iran and the northernmost point of Hormozgan province, just at the end of the regional Zagros Dynasty, there is one of the most delicious cultivars of the semi-arid world.
These dates are called in the local dialect. Pearm palms are mainly planted in the skies of the mountains and irrigated by projectiles designed at different levels by river water in the region. The cultivation of these palms is mainly organic, and no chemicals are used at the stage.
The thin skin of these dates is dark brown in color and, given that its flesh and skin are completely attached to each other, it looks beautiful and desirable, and the process of washing it is done perfectly and given that the major part of the sugar in it It is a fructose type, it is easy to use and fast in the metabolism of the body, and it is very suitable for use by people with diabetes, and those who once ate these dates due to their very good taste and favorable appearance, and the other one. The most famous and most important cultivars of northern province is Hormozgan.
This figure is planted in Hasan Abad Kazeroon, Kerman, Hajiabad, Bandar Abbas, around Darab. The percentage of moisture in the fruit is low and is considered as semi-dry. Late fruit, its fruit quality is desirable, and it is very market-friendly in terms of exports.
This figure is planted in Minab, Bandar Abbas, Qeshm, Fasa and Jahrom. In Minab and Qeshm, good quality fruits and Bandar Abbas are good.
The color of the yellow fruit is amber and is considered to be the most recent. The product does not usually reach the full date stage, which results in less salt.
* Sheikhali dates:
In Braz-john, Lehram, Khvr wave, Kazeroon (Clay and Bam) and Shinkarkar are planted. Its fruit color is yellow and it produces a very good Kharg. The size of the fruit is large and the lower part is wide.
Its fruit is in Caesarne and is a classy clay and it is considered to be second class Xiankara.
* Hallaawi dates:
This figure is planted more in Khuzestan province (Khorramshahr, Abadan, Ahvaz, Shadegan). It is one of the most important export figures in Iraq and is sold in the United States under the name of Marine Drive.
Of soft dates. Hawala dates to late in getting wrinkles and its fruit is a small and early part of the date varieties. The shape of the fruit is flat and the bottom is round.
Fibrous or low fiber fiber tissue and its skin is thin and fragile and firmly attached to the fruit tissue. Oval core, gray white tip including large cores.
The degree of adhesion of the core to the fruit is moderate. The stickiness of the warhead to the fruit is low.
It has a high storage capacity and is relatively resistant to rain and humidity at time of arrival and harvest, and is less damaged. The sweetest is Shadegan. In terms of importance, it is moderate.
* DAYERI DAYS:
Diri variety is planted in Khuzestan province (Khorramshahr, Ahvaz, Abadan, Shooshtar, Shadegan) and Bushehr, Kazeroon, Borazjan and Behbahan.
The fruit is of a dry and relatively coarse kind. In Ahwaz as first class, in Bushehr, Khoramshahr and Behbahan, the second grade and in Kazeroon is considered as the third grade.
This figure is relatively resistant to moisture. This is a long-standing specification. It's red and red. It is considered as the country's export figure.
The dates of this cultivar are dried fruits and are completely dry on the palm and are very resistant to moisture. Egg-shaped fruit with a rigid texture (dry) and bright brown color, with average skin thickness.
The oval nucleus is drawn to the cream color, the degree of adhesion of the nucleus to the low fruit and the latent taste of the gum, and is usually taken at full reaching in November and December. The attachment of the warhead to the middle fruit.